What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?  Why is IoT so important?

What is Internet of things
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In today’s Era Internet of things are more popular. Taking a closer look at our mobile device, we can see GPS Tracking, Mobile Gyroscope, Adaptive brightness, Voice detection, Face recognition, etc. Each of these components has its own unique features, but what if they communicate with one another to provide a better experience? By default, the phone’s brightness is adjusted depending on my position or direction.

As part of the Internet of Things, a person can access or connect to anything and everything through the internet during their day-to-day life.

1.Why is the Internet of Things (IoT) so important?

The Internet of Things has become one of the most important technologies of the 21st century in recent years. By connecting everyday objects to the internet via embedded devices, such as kitchen appliances, cars, thermostats, and baby monitors, people, processes, and things can communicate seamlessly.

In the digital age, physical things can share and collect data with minimal human intervention by using low-cost computing, the cloud, big data, analytics, and mobile technologies. Digital systems are now capable of recording, monitoring, and adjusting interactions among connected things in the hyperconnected world we live in. There is a physical world and a digital world that coexist.

internet of things

2.Features of IoT :

A few of the most important IoT features are connectivity, analyzing, integrating, and active engagement, among many others. Some of them are listed below.

Connectivity: Connectivity refers to establishing a proper connection between all the things of IoT to IoT platform it may be server or cloud.

Analyzing: After connecting all the relevant things, it comes to real-time analyzing the data collected and using them to build effective business and intelligence.

Integrating: IoT integrating the various models to improve my self-experience as well.

Artificial Intelligence: IoT makes things smart and enhances life through the use of data

For example –” Let us imagine we have a coffee machine whose coffee beans are running low. The coffee machine will ask the retailer to order more coffee beans for us”.

 

How IoT works: there are main parts of IoT

1) IoT Sensors

2) Connectivity/Network

3) Cloud 

4) Hyper Decision Framework

5) User Interface

A real-life example of IoT:

There are many types of internet of things sensors.

  •  temperature sensor,
  •  Solar panel
  •  humidity sensor,
  •  pressure sensor, 
  • CO2 sensor,
  •  light sensor,
  •  occupancy sensor,
  •  motion sensor,

 and the list can go on and on. These sensors are an important part of the (IoT device components) and they are the origin of truth, which, when operating in conjunction with a decision engine, can make things happen.

Advantage & disadvantage of IoT:

Currently available technologies have not reached their full potential. There is always a gap between them. Therefore, we can say that the Internet of Things has a significant impact in a range of fields in which other technologies can be developed in order to become accurate and fully functional.

Advantage:

  • Efficient resource utilization,
  • Minimize human effort,
  • Save time
  • Enhance Data Collection,
  • Improve security.

 Disadvantage:

  Security: we know very well every device is connected with the internet here lots of opportunities for hacking data  Privacy.

Complexity: we can not define the large technology and define it also.  

Dependency-  today we are totally dependent on the internet, like- shopping, education, etc.                                                      

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